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Bungalows are the original "affordable" house. Built primarily for the middle and working class, they were ridiculed by the architectural establishment. Nonetheless, they had enormous popular appeal from the turn of the century well into the 1930s. Bungalows were a reaction to Victorian excesses and the machine age. John Brinkman writes in American Bungalow magazine: "What popularized the bungalow was its basic honesty.... It was small and of manageable size, efficient, yet cozy. It was a do-it-yourself affair that did not require servants and often came with fruit trees and a vegetable garden to supply the family table. Simple Craftsman lines made the bungalow easy to build and maintain — and the style lent itself