There's an incredible number of kneepads on the market —
so many that it's practically impossible to figure out which
ones to buy, or even how to make reasonable comparisons between
models. For this article, I had to narrow the field, so I
tested 24 designs. I concentrated mostly on gel models, which
offer the highest performance, but I also included a couple of
pads that rely on fluid-filled packs.
My goal was to find out which kneepads were the most
comfortable and functional for various kinds of work. I do
remodeling and home repair, so in a given week I perform many
different trades; I quickly discovered that kneepads that are
good for one task may not be appropriate for others.
What Are Gel Kneepads?
Unlike conventional kneepads, which rely on foam padding alone,
gel pads typically contain foam plus some kind of gel, a
rubbery material that's more permanently elastic than foam.
Foam contains air; once compressed, it provides little in the
way of added shock resistance. Gel is more resilient; like a
liquid, it can be displaced but not compressed.
The type of gel — and the amount used in each pad —
varies widely. The stuff can be stiff, stretchy, rubbery, or so
fluid it has to be encapsulated in plastic film. In some pads,
the gel is used to fill the air spaces within a piece of foam;
you'd have to cut the foam open to see that it was there. Some
gel components are donut-shaped, with a gap to fit the kneecap;
others are blocks of padding in various shapes (see Figure
Figure 1. Padding for
kneepads comes in all shapes and sizes. Clockwise, the top four
pictures from top left: The Patella-T pads distribute fluid
with baffles. Irwin's products contain a soft tan gel encased
in plastic. Duluth's kneepads use a textured gel-rubber insert.
Most Craftsman models and all models from Nailers and Alta
contain a blue donut-shaped piece of gel foam. In the Tommyco
and Bucket Boss Extreme Gel kneepads, the gel is sandwiched
between layers of neoprene (bottom).
Knee-deep in pads. With so many pads
to test and so much variation in design and intended use, it
was difficult to make equal comparisons. Over a period of about
five months, I used these pads on the job and put them through
uniform qualitative tests. I talked to manufacturers about
kneepad designs, and in a few cases cut pads apart to see how
they were made.
After all that research, it turned out that the best predictor
of long-term comfort was how the pads felt the first time I put
them on. The ones that fit and felt good from the very
beginning continued to be comfortable as I used them on the
So when you're shopping for kneepads, start by identifying the
type that suits the task. Beyond that, it's all about fit and
comfort; if at all possible, try the pads on in the
The best way to categorize kneepads is by the type of cap
— the part that touches the ground when you kneel.
Hard caps. Pads with hard plastic
caps slide easily across most surfaces, which is why
carpet-layers like them. I use hard caps to do carpentry tasks
like installing baseboard in rooms where the carpet is already
down. I avoid wearing them on other surfaces, though; the hard
caps can scratch tile and finished hardwood floors.
Of all the pads I tested, the hard-cap models had the greatest
incidence of rotating out of position on my knees.
Curved soft caps. Curved soft-cap
kneepads have rubbery caps that grip well and are unlikely to
damage finished surfaces. Their curved shape allows for the
side-to-side rocking motion common in flooring work —
especially such tasks as spreading adhesive or grout and
finishing concrete. Although these pads are usually a good
all-around choice, their tendency to rock can put undue
balancing strain on someone doing stationary upright kneeling
Flat or concave soft caps. Some
kneepads are flat-bottomed and make contact across the entire
surface of the cap. Others are concave and make contact at a
series of flat raised points, much like a trivet. Both types
have flat rubbery kneeling surfaces that provide good grip and
superior stability (Figure 2).
Figure 2. Flat and
concave soft-cap models (left) provide excellent stability
because they bear flat against the ground. With curved caps
(right), it's easy to roll forward and from side to side; if
the caps are thin, it's more comfortable to lean back and
Flat or concave soft-cap models are ideal for tasks where you
stay in one place for a while, such as installing door locks or
undersink plumbing. I consider these pads the best overall for
general construction and carpentry. The thick caps protect
against rough surfaces and provide the surest grip on dirt,
concrete, wood decking, and most roofing materials.
However, while the extra thickness allows for more padding, it
can also cause problems by making the pads tippy and by putting
more strain on the knee joint when kneel-sitting (sitting back
on your heels). And it's dangerous to climb ladders in these
pads, because the thick caps tend to snag on rungs.
Fabric caps. Fabric-cap pads are the
softest and lightest type of pad; they're designed to be
especially protective of delicate surfaces. These models are a
good choice if you need to kneel in an acrylic tub or crawl
around on a finished hardwood floor. Their light weight means
they're comfortable to wear and less likely to slide down your
legs when you stand.
On the other hand, the fabric is subject to abrasion and may
not provide enough protection on rough surfaces.
Some kneepads have top and bottom straps; others have only
bottom straps. Bottom straps do most of the holding; tops
straps keep the pads in position when you stand or crawl. The
problem with top straps is that they slide down behind the
knee, where they can cut off circulation or cause painful
binding, especially when kneel-sitting. The top straps can also
pull pads away from their ideal position under the
To minimize these problems, wear the top straps looser than the
bottom ones; if the discomfort continues, unfasten the top
straps during periods of prolonged kneeling.
The straps themselves are made from elastic, nylon webbing,
mesh fabric, neoprene, rubber, or a stretchy blend of Lycra and
Cordura. In general, wide straps are more comfortable than
narrow ones. I prefer a single wide bottom strap, provided it's
sturdy enough to hold the pad in place. If a single strap is
not flexible, it will slide down your leg when you stand, so
the strap on single-strap models is usually made from a
stretchy material like neoprene. Unfortunately, neoprene
doesn't breathe, which means it can be sweaty to wear.
On two-strap models, the bottom strap is often nonflexible
webbing. Webbing straps are easy to cinch tight and to put on
over pants, but they can work loose, which is why they're
usually coupled with a stretchy upper strap.
Velcro vs. clips or buckles. There
are two major types of fasteners for straps: Velcro and some
sort of clip or buckle. Velcro attachments are troublesome at
first, because you have to tuck in your pants-leg material and
pull the straps tight at the same time. Also, they're tricky to
adjust — but they don't loosen during use.
Straps with clips or buckles, on the other hand, are relatively
easy to put on, especially over pants, and can be tightened or
loosened frequently during use. However, they are more likely
than Velcro fasteners to work loose.
At first, my favorite kneepads were all in the same category
— flat or concave models with grippy surfaces and lots of
padding. But as time went by, my list of favorites grew to
include pads from each category. It took me a while to identify
exactly why one pair of kneepads felt better than another, but
eventually I realized what all the models I liked had in
common: deep, thick padding.
The flat and concave models I favor tend to have large, solid
gel pads that are easy to land on. The models I liked less
tended to have donut-shaped gel pads, which are comfortable
only when your kneecap is centered over the hole. If your knee
lands off-center, the edge of the pad creates an uncomfortable
Some of the gel-foam donut pads are quite comfortable, but if
you crawl around or get up and down a lot, they require
frequent repositioning to maintain that comfort.
Favorite Hard Caps
For descriptions of all 24 pads I tested, see the tables
accompanying this article; the ones I liked the most are
described here and in the following sections.
McGuire-Nicholas Rocker. This is the
only hard-cap model I found to be comfortable. The high center
of gravity and super-slick caps typical of this category give
most models an unpredictable feel. The Rockers, however, are an
exception. They are longer and lower than their counterparts,
with a pronounced cuff around the top and sides that creates a
31/2-inch-wide knee/leg channel. This channel hugs your knees,
and a single wide strap holds the pads on firmly. While they
are not as slippery as other hard-cap models, I had no problem
cruising around on carpet while keeping them square beneath
If you decide to buy McGuire-Nicholas pads, keep in mind that
this company's earlier models were susceptible to rupture. This
happened to me with a couple of their products, but the
manufacturer fixed the problem by switching to a stiffer gel
formulation in September 2005. Check the tag under the strap to
make sure the pads you buy were produced after that.
Favorite Curved Soft Caps
Patella-T Wedge and Non-Wedge. Both
of these produces are well designed and performed well. The
Wedge has a slight T-shaped rib running across its grippy cap.
It's designed not to rock from side to side and is intended for
upright, stable kneeling. The Non-Wedge is my favorite in the
curved soft-cap category. It's designed to rock, but its
effective straps and low-profile padding make it much more
stable than other pads in this category.
The Patella-T pads incorporate an unusual fluid-pack padding
system: It's baffled, so the liquid can flow all around your
knee, thereby relieving pressure points. When you wear these
pads, you don't need to aim your knees in a certain direction
— wherever they land will be comfortable.
Another unique Patella-T feature is that each model comes in
Favorite Flat or Concave Soft
Bucket Boss Extreme Gel and Tommyco 707 All
Terrain. These two kneepads, virtually clones,
are my overall favorites. Both have a super-grippy concave cap
with extended rubber fingers that flex to provide initial shock
absorption above and beyond what the padding supplies. And both
feature a large rectangular piece of gel sandwiched between
layers of neoprene, which provides thick cushioning no matter
where your knee lands in the pad. The Tommyco cap even snaps
off to expose a fabric cap underneath.
Bucket Boss Air-Gel2. This is a
lighter version of the Extreme Gel pad described above. It has
the same cap and a tight wrap-around fit that I like but might
be too snug for the largest knees. It contains less padding
than the Extreme Gel, so it's somewhat less comfortable —
still, it's comfortable enough. Since the reduced padding makes
for lighter weight, the kneepads are less likely to slide down
your legs when you stand.
CLC G350. At more than a pound
apiece, these are the largest and heaviest kneepads I tested.
They have a wide, flat contact patch for great stability and a
deep, soft gel pad that the knee sinks right into. These pads
also feature snap-off caps with stiff nylon fabric underneath.
The double bottom-strap design is a bit fussy but allows for a
wide fitting range.
Though very comfortable, these pads are rather heavy and
McGuire-Nicholas Stabilizer. This
flat-cap model hails from the only company that specifies left
and right kneepads. The gel pad is triangular to match up with
the contact area of the specific knee; a perimeter collar adds
stability by enveloping the kneecap.
Another unusual characteristic is the pad's cantilevered cap
area, which supports the shin without directly bearing on the
ground. The single split strap effectively minimizes
As mentioned previously, it's important with this brand to
check the date of manufacture; it should be September 2005 or