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In the end of March, the U.S. Commerce Department ruled that Canada unfairly subsidizes its softwood lumber industry and allows its producers to sell their lumber at below-market prices in the U.S. — an illegal practice known as dumping. The United States imported about $5.7 billion worth of softwood lumber from Canada last year, or about a third of its supply. Most of the Canadian softwood is used as framing lumber. Déjà vu all over again. To punish the Canadians for the unfair subsidies, the Commerce Department imposed a 19.3% duty on the imported lumber, with an additional antidumping duty averaging 9.7% (the actual dumping duty varies by company, from 15.8% for Weyerhaeuser to 2.3% for West Fraser). Neither duty applies to