Color Chips. Vetrazzo's recycled-glass countertops come in 18 patterns, including Millefiori (shown). Sold in 9-foot-by-5-foot panels 11/4 inches thick, the slabs consist of 85 percent glass plus cement, pigments, and other additives, including fly ash, a byproduct of coal-burning power plants. Cost for the material alone runs from $40 to $80 per square foot; installed prices range from $100 to $120 per square foot. Vetrazzo, 510/234-5550, www.vetrazzo.com

Fine Grains. To find the 19th century lumber that goes into its line of reclaimed wood countertops, Craft-Art scours old mills, river bottoms, and swamps. Species include red oak, American chestnut, beech, heart pine (shown), white oak, and cypress. The finished products are fabricated with waterproof glue and sealed with Waterlox, a food-safe...

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