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There are two basic types of earth ponds: dammed and dugout. Choosing between the two is the easiest part of pond making because the site dictates the form. On flat terrain where the water table is close to the surface, a dugout pond works best. A small dugout can be excavated in a day or two. The water source may be runoff, ground springs, stream diversion, piped well water, or even roof catch. In hill country, a dammed pond is the most efficient to build. Earth excavated from the site simultaneously hollows out the pond basin and provides fill to build the dam. The ideal site for a dammed pond is a wet hollow lying between two steep banks close