There are two basic types of earth
ponds: dammed and dugout.
Choosing between the two is the
easiest part of pond making because
the site dictates the form.
On flat terrain where the water
table is close to the surface, a
dugout pond works best. A small
dugout can be excavated in a day or
two. The water source may be
runoff, ground springs, stream
diversion, piped well water, or even
In hill country, a dammed pond
is the most efficient to build. Earth
excavated from the site simultaneously
hollows out the pond basin
and provides fill to build the dam.
The ideal site for a dammed pond is
a wet hollow lying between two
steep banks close